Although there is greater than fivefold improvement in the literacy rate of India from independence, the level is well below the world average literacy rate of 84%. India is still one amongst the largest illiterate population of any nation on earth.
In recent times, several major announcements were made for developing the poor conditions in Education Sector in India, the most notable ones being the National Common Minimum Programme (NCMP) of the United Progressive Alliance (UPA) government. The initiatives are as follows:
a. To increase expenditure progressively on education to around 6 percent of GDP
b. To support this increase in expenditure on education, and to increase the quality of education, there would be an imposition of an education cess over all central government taxes
c. To ensure that no one is denied of elementary education due to economic backwardness and poverty
d. To make right to school education a fundamental right for all children in the age group 6–14 years
e. To universalize education through its flagship programmes such as Sarva Siksha Abhiyan and Mid Day Meal.
The right to education is a fundamental human right, and UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) aims at education for all by 2015.