CBSE (Central Board of Secondary Education) is a self-financing body which meets the expenditure without any grant-in-aid either from the Central Government or from any other source. All the financial requirements of the Board are met through the annual examination charges, affiliation fee and the admission fees.
A trail of developments marks the significant changes that took place over the years in shaping up the CBSE Board to its present status. U P Board of High School and Intermediate Education was the first Board set up in 1921. It In response to the representation made by the Government of United Provinces, the then Government of India suggested to set up a joint Board in 1929 for all the areas which was named as the ‘Board of High School and Intermediate Education’.
The Board witnessed rapid growth and expansion at the level of Secondary education resulting in improved quality and standard of education in institutions. But with the advent of State Universities and State Boards in various parts of the country the jurisdiction of the Board was confined only to very few cities. As a result of this, in 1952, the constitution of the Board was amended and the Board was given its present name ‘Central Board of Secondary Education’. It was in the year 1962 finally that the Board was reconstituted. The main objectives were those of serving the educational institutions more effectively, to be responsive to the educational needs of those students whose parents were employed in the Central Government and had frequently transferable jobs.
The Secretary CBSE is the Chief Administrative Officer responsible for the matters relating to Administration, Audit and Accounts, Public Relations, Legal and grant of Affiliation to schools.
The major functions of the unit include developing the curriculum for all the subjects in academic and vocational streams at the secondary and senior secondary levels, to organize teacher training workshops, to develop support material for the guidance of the teachers and students, to publish text books for secondary and senior secondary classes and monitoring the academic projects.
Today, under this board there are about 897 Kendriya Vidyalayas, 1761 Government Schools, 5827 Independent Schools, 480 Jawahar Novodaya Vidyalayas and 14 Central Tibetean Schools.
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CBSE affiliates all Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalayas, all Kendriya Vidyalayas, private schools, all the schools in the NCT of Delhi and Foreign Schools.
The Board is extensive and stretches beyond the national geographical boundaries. As a result of the reconstitution, the ‘Delhi Board of Secondary Education’ was merged with the Central Board and thus all the educational institutions recognized by the Delhi Board also became a part of the Central Board. Subsequently, all the schools located in the Union Territory of Chandigarh. Andaman and Nicobar Island, Arunachal Pradesh, the state of Sikkim, and now Jharkhand, Uttaranchal and Chhattisgarh have also got affiliation with the Board. From 309 schools in 1962 the Board today has 8979 schools on 31-03-2007 including 141 schools in 21 countries. CBSE board has aligned some major objectives it follows:
The Central Board of Secondary Education was set up to achieve certain interlinked objectives:
The board conducts final examinations every spring: the All India Secondary School Examination (AISSE) for class 10 and All India Senior School Certificate Examination (AISSCE) for class 12. The board also annually conducts the AIEEE exam for admission to undergraduate courses in engineering and architecture in numerous colleges spread over India.
The syllabus of the CBSE is better manageable than that of other boards like ICSE/ISC (Indian Council for Secondary Education). Although a broad-based syllabus is generally perceived to be good, since it has a focused approach, it increases the load on students, thus leading to stress. A student should be given the option of studying only the basics of the language if his/her interests lie elsewhere. This choice is given in CBSE, not in ICSE/ISC.
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